Taimi Anderson is a landscape architect who honed her writing skills at the Chicago Botanic Garden.

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Bridges in the Garden
by Taimi Anderson       #Design   #Hardscaping   #Misc

Bridges come in many shapes and forms, and many have a story behind them. This zig-zag arrangement of wooden planks placed at right angles supposedly discourages evil spirits from following you as you travel across the pond.


The most admired image of a garden bridge is the one at Giverny in France, immortalized in paintings by Claude Monet and photographed by scores of visitors intent on capturing Monet’s vision. Gently arching over a narrow part of the lily pond, this Japanese-style bridge has green railings and an arbor that rises above it, entwined with trailing wisteria vines. Looking across the glistening pond filled with waterlilies, the bridge creates a romantic and dreamy background in harmony with the graceful weeping willows and the green lushness of the garden.

Garden bridges can be both purposeful and enchanting. They not only provide access across a pond, a small stream, a ravine or a swale, but can also create a dramatic focal point. Bridges are a symbol of transition and passage, and are often considered a metaphor for life. Crossing a bridge and looking down into a swiftly flowing stream or still pond opens up vistas into and across the water. It also gives you a new perspective as you view the garden from such a vantage point.


Paths across water can be simple and still elegant. A few strategically placed stepping stones are all that’s needed to get people across this still stream.
 

Adding a bridge to your garden isn’t easy if you’re dealing with a wide expanse. A bridge crossing over a stream or ravine has to be of sturdy construction, with concrete footings or abutments at either end and steel or wood beams to support the bridge and its decking. For longer spans, support posts or piers are placed in the center or at intervals along the bridge. Railings provide a safety feature and can be designed in attractive patterns. But garden foot bridges can be an easier solution, and are often constructed from readily available prefabricated bridge kits. These are suitable for spanning a small water feature, a swale or a trickling rivulet.


A sturdy wooden bridge with just one railing helps visitors to the Wildlife Garden of the Blomquist Garden of Native Plants feel like a part of the garden.


Designing with a Bridge
There are many ways a bridge can be an integral part of your garden design. A picturesque wooden bridge arches gracefully over a dry stream bed in the Hoffman garden in Chapel Hill. Reminiscent of Japanese-style bridges, it is located adjacent to a small pond surrounded by irises and oakleaf hydrangeas. The white flowers of the iris and hydrangeas are reflected in the dark water of the pond, and together with the arched footbridge make a lovely focal point in the garden.

Crossing the bridge you leave the formal garden spaces near the house and enter a shady woodland of native trees and wildflowers. The bridge is a charming transition from one world into another.


Chippendale-patterned railings add a touch of elegance to a functional element. This bridge helps visitors discover all parts of the Prather garden, while adding its own design statement.
 

Bridges can also lead out of the garden into the surrounding landscape. An arched bridge with elegant Chippendale-patterned railings crosses a small stream as it leads from the Prathers’ woodland garden in across a small stream to the adjoining open space. With its well-crafted design, the bridge is not only a necessary means of getting across water, but it is also an eye-catching feature of the garden.

To see various styles of bridges, from small footbridges to handsome wooden bridges and sturdy stone bridges, you can visit the Sarah P. Duke Gardens on Duke University campus in Durham, N.C. This beautiful garden is situated along the slopes of a valley with a stream flowing at its base, so there was ample opportunity to construct bridges that lead over the stream and pond and across rivulets, gullies and ravines. With over a dozen bridge structures to explore and cross, it is a treasure trove of bridge designs, each tailor-made for its location and purpose.


A brightly colored Japanese-style bridge provides the perfect spot to view the beauty of the Teien-oike pond at the Sarah P. Duke Gardens in Durham, N.C.
 

One of them is the bright vermillion Japanese-style bridge at the Teien-oike pond. In a gentle arch it leads across the north end of the pond. On calm days a reflection of the bridge is cast on the still water, nearly completing a full circle. In the spring irises bloom along the shore nearby and weeping cherry trees are draped in delicate white and pink blossoms. From the top of the bridge the view leads across the length of the pond, as two elegant, black-necked swans glide across the water.

The small stream that flows through the gardens moves gently between boulders and grassy slopes. The graceful Iris Bridge crosses the stream in a high arch. An artistic railing of iris blossoms and leaves, designed by sculptor Jim Gallucci, echoes the irises flourishing along the rocks in the stream bed. Strips of wood across the decking boards steady your steps, and underpinnings of tubular steel members are supported by concrete footings. The bridge, surrounded by softly billowing grasses, is a charming sight as it nestles into the terrain.


Bridges are sometimes necessary to get people and vehicles across bodies of water, but they can still be beautiful. Duke stone helps this bridge blend into the architectural design of the Sarah P. Duke Gardens.
 

Farther on, the stream is crossed by a sturdy stone bridge, handsome in its design of coping and Duke stone construction. It is designed to carry not only visitors on foot but also light vehicular traffic.

In the Wildlife Garden of the Blomquist Garden of Native Plants, a torrent of a mountain stream cascades over well-placed boulders. Two wooden bridges cross the stream in low arches. Sturdy laminated wood beams hold the decking boards, and a rustic rail of a red cedar logs gives a natural feel. These bridges are a fitting touch in this garden of native plants that offer sustenance to wildlife. The bridges lift you up above the rushing water and bring you close to the flourishing native shrubs and wildflowers and their blossoms and berries.


This small yet intricate stone bridge was based on a keystone design by master stonemason Brooks Burleson.
 

Beyond the Doris Duke Center Gardens, a path leads to a handsome wooden bridge that spans across a deep ravine in the Spring Woodland Garden. The bridge presents a passage from the more formal garden areas into a natural and serene woodland setting. From the heights of the bridge, you get a view into the fern valley, shaded by mature oaks, maples and pines, with drifts of wildflowers and spring-blooming trees and shrubs along the slopes.

Farther down, as the path and steps wind through the woodland, you cross another bridge of beautiful stone construction based on a keystone design by master stonemason Brooks Burleson.

In this garden and others, each bridge is an artistic expression, crafted to complement its setting both in materials and construction. Think of your bridges as giving visitors a heightened awareness as they traverse from one garden setting to another, enjoying views into spaces otherwise not accessible.


Even a concrete bridge can be a wonderful design element. The slight curve this bridge takes over the stream helps make it more than just a simple path across water.
 

Placing a footbridge into your garden, to cross a water feature or a simulated dry creek bed, creates a delightful focal point. It’s not just one to look at but to experience, and gives that special sensation of being lifted up above the mundane, as the bridge carries you from one garden realm into another.

 

 

 

Posted: 06/20/17   RSS | Print

 

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